Demographics


Every year, the American Heart Association releases an update for statistics on heart disease, stroke, and other cardiovascular diseases (Roger, et al., 2012). The following statistics are for the United States of America.

In 2008, the overall rate of death due to cardiovascular disease (CVD) was 244.8 per every 100,000 people (this is down from 251.2 in 2007 and 262.5 in 2006). The rate of CVD for white males was 287.2 per 100,000 and 390.4 per 100,000 for African American males. The rates were 200.5 per 100,000 for white females and 277.4 per 100,000 for African American females.
More than 2200 individuals die from CVD each day, averaging 1 every 39 seconds. About 150,000 Americans were killed in 2008 that were under 65 years of age.
1 in 6 deaths in the United States are caused by coronary heart disease (CHD). In 2008, 405,309 individuals died from CHD, with an estimated 785,000 new cases of CHD and 470,000 recurrent cases.

Each year, 610,000 people have a stroke for the first time, and 185,000 have a recurrent attack. Stroke accounted for 1 in 18 deaths.

Prevalence of Risk Factors

  • 33.5% of adults over 20 have hypertension (accounting to 76,400,000 individuals).
    • Rate among African Americans is 44%.
  • Despite a decline in the number of smokers, 21.2% of men and 17.5% of women continue to smoke.
  • 8% of Americans (18,300,000) are hyperglycemic and 36.8% are prediabetic.
    • This statistic is increasing overtime with increasing obesity.
  • 33.7% of American adults are obese.

International Death Rates.jpg
International Death Rates per 100,000 Population for Cardiovascular Disease (CVD), Coronary Heart Disease (CHD), Stroke, and Total Deaths (Roger, et al., 2012)

References


Roger, V. L., Go, A. S., Lloyd-Jones, D. M., Benjamin, E. J., Berry, J. D., Borden, W. B., et al. (2012). Heart disease and stroke statistics - 2012 update: a report from the American Heart Association. Dallas: American Heart Association.